HIV Testing

Why is a HIV Test done?

  • HIV testing is done to confirm the diagnosis in those who are newly infected, to identify previously unrecognized infections, and to relieve the minds of those who are not infected.
  • It is important for pregnant women to be tested because medications are very effective in reducing transmission of HIV from mother to baby.

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INFERTILITY IN MEN

Couples who face difficulty conceiving even after a year of having unprotected intercourse have higher chances of infertility issues. And, infertility isn’t just women’s problem. ‘Men can have problems with fertility, too. When a couple is having a hard time getting pregnant, it is just as likely to be caused by a problem with a man’s fertility as it is with a woman’s fertility,’ says Dr Abha Shroff, chief pathologist and director at Disha Pathology Labs, Mumbai.

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Infertility Profile

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Infertility is the inability of a couple to conceive for more than a year of having regular unprotected intercourse. Infertility is becoming a common problem these days due to lifestyle related problems. An average estimate suggests that 60-80 million couples suffer from infertility, out of which 15-20 million couples belong to India. The problem here is more serious because couples do not usually seek medical advice for their problem, which also affects their relationship and mental health.  Continue reading Infertility Profile

Monsoon: Rain and Diseases

Monsoon brings with it welcome relief from the heat, and leaves behind a host of illnesses and diseases, some of which can be life threatening. Children are the most susceptible to these diseases. Here is how to keep yourself and your family safe this monsoon season.  

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Pregnancy Test

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A pregnancy test may let you know, one way or the other, if you are pregnant.

What is a pregnancy test and how does it work?

A home pregnancy test detects the presence of the pregnancy hormone, human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG), in your urine. This usually happens — but not always — about six days after fertilization. If you’re pregnant, levels of hCG continue to rise rapidly, doubling every two to three days. Continue reading Pregnancy Test

Joint pain due to Arthritis

IS YOUR JOINT PAIN DUE TO ARTHRITIS? FIND OUT WITH THESE 7 DIAGNOSTIC TESTS

Joint pain is quite common these days and most of us learn to live with it. Unless the pain progresses to a level that it becomes unbearable, people avoid visiting a doctor and getting themselves diagnosed.

This can lead to severe consequences, if your joint pain is due to a serious condition like arthritis. This is usually a common reason why people suffer from joint pain. ‘There are different forms of arthritis and the most common one is osteoarthritis which is prevalent mainly in adults over the age of 60 years,’ says Dr Abha Shroff, chief pathologist and director at Disha Pathology Labs, Mumbai. Osteoarthritis is a condition in which the cartilaginous lining of the bones is slowly lost leading severe joint pain. With early diagnosis you can treat the condition well. Continue reading Joint pain due to Arthritis

Thyroid Stimulating Hormone

Is a blood test used to check for thyroid gland problems.

TSH causes the thyroid gland to make two hormones: triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). T3 and T4 help control your body’s metabolism.

Why It Is Done

  • To determine if the thyroid gland is working properly. An underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism) can cause symptoms such as weight gain, tiredness, dry skin, constipation, a feeling of being too cold, or frequent menstrual periods. An overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) can cause symptoms such as weight loss, rapid heart rate, nervousness, diarrhea, a feeling of being too hot, or irregular menstrual periods.
  • Find the cause of an underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism). TSH levels can help determine whether hypothyroidism is due to a damaged thyroid gland or some other cause (such as a problem with the pituitary gland or the hypothalamus).
  • To keep track of treatment with thyroid replacement medicine for people who have hypothyroidism.
  • To monitor the thyroid gland function in people who are being treated for hyperthyroidism. This treatment may include antithyroid medicine, surgery, or radiation therapy.
  • Double-check the diagnosis of an underactive thyroid gland in a newborn (congenital hypothyroidism).
  • Diagnose and monitor female infertility problems.

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