WHEN SHOULD YOU BE TESTED?
Before you have infertility tests, try fertility awareness methods to find the best time to become pregnant. A woman is most fertile during ovulation and 1 to 2 days before ovulation. Some couples find that they have been missing the most fertile days when trying to become pregnant. A woman should keep a record of her menstrual cycle and when she ovulates. This record will help your doctor if you decide to have infertility tests.
- Blood Sugar – Fasting and PP
- Insulin – Fasting and PP
- VDRL, HbsAg
- Blood Group & Rh
- Hb Electrophoresis
- Rubella IgG
- Vitamin B12
- Vitamin D3
- Free T3
- Free T4
- LH (on day 2 or day 3 of period)
- E2 (on day 2 or day 3 of period)
- AMH (Anti Mullerian Hormone)
DIAGNOSING FEMALE INFERTILITY PROBLEMS
Diagnosing infertility may take several months, so don’t get discouraged if you do not receive an answer quickly. Testing for infertility usually begins with a doctor doing a physical exam and asking about your medical history.
The physical exam is similar to a regular pelvic exam. Your doctor may use an ultrasound to look at your ovaries and uterus. You may also have blood tests to check your hormones. You may need a few blood tests over the course of one menstrual cycle.
You may be asked to track your ovulation patterns by taking your temperature, checking your cervical mucus, or using home ovulation tests.
A special test might be done to see if the fallopian tubes are open. For this test – called a hysterosalpingogram (HSG) – the woman is on an exam table. A tube is put into the cervix. A special dye is then pushed through the tube. An x-ray machine is used to see the dye. The provider watches to see it move through the uterus and through the fallopian tubes. This is how you can tell if the tubes are open.
In some cases, a laparoscopy is done to take a look inside the body. Special tools are used to check fallopian tubes, ovaries, and the uterus. This helps to find problems like fibroids that might interfere with a pregnancy.
HOW IS FEMALE INFERTILITY TREATED?
Most women who get infertility treatment take medication at some point. The medications are intended to treat hormone and ovulation problems.
Medications may be used alone or with other treatments that help the egg and sperm unite.