WHAT IS A LIPID PROFILE?
The lipid profile is a group of tests that are often ordered together to determine risk of coronary heart disease. The tests that make up a lipid profile are tests that have been shown to be good indicators of whether someone is likely to have a heart attack or stroke caused by blockage of blood vessels (hardening of the arteries)
WHAT TESTS ARE INCLUDED IN A LIPID PROFILE?
The lipid profile includes total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol (often called good cholesterol), LDL-cholesterol (often called bad cholesterol), and triglycerides.
Sometimes the report will include additional calculated values such as HDL/Cholesterol ratio or a risk score based on lipid profile results, age, sex, and other risk factors.
HOW IS A LIPID PROFILE USED?
The lipid profile is used to guide physicians in deciding how a person at risk should be treated. The results of the lipid profile are considered along with other known risk factors of heart disease to develop a plan of treatment and follow-up.
WHO SHOULD BE SCREENED FOR LIPID DISORDERS?
- All men aged 35 and older and all women aged 45 and older
- Younger adults (men aged 20-35 and women aged 20-45) should be screened if they have other risk factors for heart disease which include
- Tobacco use
- Family history of heart disease or high cholesterol
- High blood pressure
See how your cholesterol numbers compare to the tables below.
(According to the ATP III Cholesterol Guidelines NHLBI)
|Total Cholesterol Level||Total Cholesterol Category|
|Less than 200 mg/dL||Desirable|
|200-239 mg/dL||Borderline high|
|240 mg/dL and above||High|
|HDL Cholesterol Level||HDL Cholesterol Category|
|Less than 40 mg/dL||A major risk factor for heart disease.|
|40 - 59 mg/dL||The higher, the better.|
|60 mg/dL and above||Considered protective against heart disease|
|LDL Cholesterol Level||LDL Cholesterol Category|
|Less than 100 mg/dL||Optimal|
|100-129 mg/dL||Near optimal/above optimal|
|130-159 mg/dL and above||Borderline high|
|190 mg/dL and above||Very high|
|Triglycerdes Level||Triglycerdes Category|
|< 150 mg/dL||High|
|150-199 mg/dL||Borderline high|
|> 500 mg/dL||Very high|